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The Type 95 Ha-Gō (九五式軽戦車 ハ号 kyūgo-shiki kei-sensha Ha-Gō) also known as Ke-Go was a Japanese light tank.
As the Type 89B medium tank was unable to keep pace with the infantry, the Imperial Japanese Army wished for a tank capable of reaching 40 km/h, and development for such a design began in 1933. A prototype was completed by 1934, and after a series of successful tests it was accepted as the Type 95 Ha-Go.
The Ha-Go had a crew of three and was armed with a 37 mm gun in the turret, its suspensions were simple, but caused the tank to give its crew a rough ride. Protection was minimal with a maximum thickness of only 12 mm and the power was given by a 120 HP diesel engine pushing the tank to the top speed of 45 km/h. Some 2300 tanks were built from 1936 to 1943.
In 1944, approximately 100 Ha-Gos were retrofitted with Type 97 Chi-Ha turrets with low-velocity 57mm gun due to the surplus of old Chi-Ha cause of their reconversion with new high-velocity 47mm guns. These tanks were called Type 4 Ke-Nu but most of them were kept in the Japanese home islands and some others saw combat other than a brief service against the Soviets in Manchuria.
The Ha-Go was a good light tank and served well during the Second Sino-Japanese War against the poorly armored Chinese tanks (such as Vickers export tanks, Panzer I or CV.33 tankettes) but like its future counterpart, the M3 Stuart, it was not designed for tank-vs-tank fighting. During the battles of Khalkhin Gol in 1939, the Ha-Go 37mm main gun was outranged by Russian BT tanks 45mm gun, some were destroyed or captured by the Russians. The Ha-Go show some of its qualities during the Malayan Campaign in 1941-42, due to reputed uncrossable jungle British didn't deployed many tanks in the area, but the jungle didn't prove to be an obstacle for the tank.
The Ha-Go make its first armored contact with the Allies' tanks during the retreat of Bataan in December 1941 against the M3 Stuart. While having the same gun, the Stuart was better armored than it Japanese counterpart. During their first engagement Ha-Gos destroyed four M3 Stuarts. While it performed well during the first part of the war, the Type 95 first show its limits against British Matildas unable to pierce its armor. The Ha-Go's limited firepower was also insufficient to take on the newest US tanks, such as allied M3 Lee or M4 Sherman or the M5 Stuart (the upgraded version of the M3 Stuart). But being outclassed doesn't prevent the Type 95 to serve in various mid and late-war campaigns such as Guadalcanal in 1942, Tarawa in 1943, the Burma Campaign in 1944 or lastly in the Soviet-Japanese War in 1945 where, during the Battle of Shumshu, they were slayed by Russian anti-tank guns while attempting to attack the Soviet beachhead.
Hundreds of Ha-Gos that were abandonned in China when the War ends, were used during the Chinese Civil War and the Korean War.
Several tanks and vehicles were build on the basis of the Ha-Go light tank including the Type 3 Ke-Ri & Type 4 Ke-Nu light tanks, Type 2 Ka-Mi amphibious tanks, the Type 4 Ho-To SPG, and the Type 5 Ho-Ru tank destroyer
In Girls Und Panzer
Girls Und Panzer: Der Film
During the compound match between Ooarai/Chi-Ha-Tan against St. Gloriana/Pravda, Chi-Ha-Tan fielded one Type 95 Ha-Go commanded by Fukuda. The Ha-Go was part of the detachment composed of the Tiger(P), the B1 Bis and one Shinhoto meant to prevent Pravda to make junction with St. Gloriana. After Ooarai compound team retreats to OY line the Ha-Go tried to charge Pravda tanks after Nishi's suicide charge. The tank was forced to retreat after Pravda breaking the OY line, it teams up with Duck Team's Type 89 and was persued by Rukuriri's Matilda. They finally lure the Matilda in a car park where the Ha-Go finally destroyed it.
During the match against All-Stars University, Chi-Ha-Tan backed-up to Ooarai one Ha-Go, again commanded by Fukuda, alongside Type 97 Chi-Ha and Shinhotos. The Ha-Go was assigned to Morning Glory Company under the command of Kay and Nishi. After surviving the firefight against Rumi's platoon in the forest, it retreat to the theme park. In there the Ha-Go, with the remaining Chi-Has, harassed Pershings and was ultimately destroyed alongside Duck Team and all Chi-Has charging Alice's Centurion.
During another Tankathlon match against Anzio High School, teamed-up with Centipede Team Tategoto fielded ten Ha-Gos alongside the Te-Ke. During the match one Ha-Go shot down one CV.33, then two Ha-Gos are destroyed by Pepperoni's drifting CV.33. While Shizuka acted as a distraction Aung-san's Ha-Go (the flag tank) and three others tank rushed Anzio's flag tank position but fell into a trap and are annihilated by a CV.33 equipped with a Solothurn S18/100 20mm AT gun.
Tategoto face again Bonple High School in a training match this time during which they fielded an unknown number of Type 95. The match ended by the defeat of all Ha-Gos but this time not without taking out some Bonple 7TPs.
During the Cauldron tournament in the third match of the first round against Nibelungen Team (commanded by Maho), Tategoto High School fielded five Type 95. Despite their initiative to locate the Panzer II by sending their machine-gunners as foward observers, all Ha-Gos were destroyed without firing a single shot. The tank will be part of the Nibelungen Team for the next rounds.
Then during the Cauldron tournament in the fifth match of the first round against Maple High School, Chi-Ha-Tan Academy fielded five tanks, four for the team and one for their Yojimbos (Mika, Aki & Mikko). During a firefight in the city against Oleo and Amber, one Ha-Go commanded by Fukuda broke formation and prevent a pincer movement, performed by Trout and another Mark VI by traveling with a fisherman boat to Chi-Ha-Tan's rear, by destroying their tanks. The remaining Maple tanks were destroyed by Kinuyo, Hosomi and Tamada. After that one of their Ha-Go suddenly disappear with Mika.
Gekkan Senshado Magazine
Chi-Ha-Tan Academy fielded one Type 95 Ha-Go during the tournament first round match against Kuromorimine Girls Academy. Its role during the battle is unknown but it was likely destroyed during the CHARGE !!!.
Yogurt Academy owns an unknown numbers of Ha-Go that have been converted to agricultural vehicles. If needed they can also convert the tanks back into fighting vehicle.
- Main article: Type 95 Ha-Go/Gallery
|Light Tanks and Tankettes||7TP • AMR-35 • BT-42 • Crusader • CV.33 • FT-17 • Harry Hopkins • M22 Locust • M24 Chaffee • Mark VI • Panzer II • Panzer 38(t) • R35 • T-60 • T-70 • Tetrarch • TK Tankette • Type 94 Tankette • Type 95 Ha-Go • Type 97 Te-Ke|
|Medium Tanks||Centurion • M3 Lee • M4 Sherman • M13/40 • Matilda II • P26/40 • Panzer III • Panzer IV • Panzer V "Panther" • SOMUA S35 • T-34 • T-44 • Type 89B • Type 3 Chi-Nu • Type 97 Chi-Ha|
|Heavy Tanks||ARL 44 • B1 Bis • Black Prince • Churchill • IS-2 • KV-2 • M26 Pershing • Mark IV • Panzer VI "Tiger" • Panzer VI Ausf. B "Tiger II" • Panzer VIII "Maus" • VK45.01 Porsche Tiger|
|Tank Destroyers||Elefant • Hetzer • ISU-152 • Jagdpanzer IV • Jagdpanther • Jagdtiger • Mareșal • Semovente da 75/18 • StuG III • T28 Super-Heavy Tank|
|Self-Propelled Artillery||Karl-Gerät 040|
|Main Battle Tank||Type 10|