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- "Chaffee! Let's have an exhilarating duel!!"
The Light Tank M24 (or M24 Chaffee) is an American light tank developed during the later part of World War II and saw extensive service into the Korean War. Powerful and mobile, this tank served in variety of roles like scouting, support, flanking, and even frontline roles during its service. It appeared in Girls und Panzer der Film.
British combat experience in the North African campaign identified several shortcomings of the M3 Stuart light tank, especially the performance of its 37mm cannon. A 75mm gun was experimentally fitted to a Howitzer Motor Carriage M8 - an M3 tank with a larger turret - and trials indicated that a 75 mm gun on the M5 light tank development of the M3 was possible. The M3/M5 design was dated though, the 75 mm gun reduced storage space, and the armor was insufficient.
The T7 light tank design, which was initially seen as a replacement, grew in weight to more than 25 short tons taking it out of the light tank classification and so was designated as the Medium Tank M7. The weight increase without increased power gave it unsatisfactory performance; the program was stopped in March 1943 to allow standardization on a single medium tank - the M4 medium. This prompted the Ordnance Committee to issue a specification for a new light tank, with the same powertrain as the M5A1 but armed with a 75 mm gun.
On October 15, 1943 the first pilot vehicle was delivered. The design was judged a success and a contract for 1,000 was immediately raised by the Ordnance Department. This was subsequently increased to 5,000.
Production began in 1944 under the designation Light Tank M24. By the time production was stopped in August 1945, 4,731 M24s had left the assembly lines.
While it was intended to replace aging M5 Stuarts, many of them weren't received until the end of hostilities as they were slow in reaching the front-line combat units. Reports from the armored divisions that received them prior to the end of hostilities were generally positive. The contribution of the M24 to winning the war in Europe was insignificant, as too few arrived too late to replace the worn-out M5s of the armored divisions.
Nevertheless, it's performance against enemy tanks was considerably impressive. The lightweight 75 mm gun, also intended for the B-25H Mitchell bomber, has the same caliber and damage as the M3 gun but with a different recoil mechanism. Thus, it had a better performance than the M4 Sherman with the M3 gun.
The Chaffee saw a more active American service during the Korean War and the French Army used it during the Indochina War and the Algerian War. Uruguay was the last country to operate an upgraded variant of the Chaffee however they were eventually retired from service.
In 1972 Norway radically upgraded the Chaffee they acquired in the 1950s by replacing the 75mm gun by a French D-925 90mm gun, a new engine and an improved fire control system and labelled them NM-116. These tank stayed in service until 1993.
In Girls und Panzer
When the battle moved into the theme park, a Chaffee tank was used to spread a smoke screen simulating the main force at the southern main gate. The same Chaffee was suddenly left alone when its support was knocked out by Kuromorimine and Pravda tanks. The Chaffee fled into the theme park and took its opponents on a long chase through the streets with the aim of distracting them from the main battle. Eventually Maho Nishizumi saw through to its intentions and broke off the pursuit.
One Chaffee was amongst the tanks that chased the Panzer IV into a hedge maze. When the All-Stars University Team tanks tried to surround the Ooarai tank, it evaded them, and the Chaffee nearly hit an allied M26 Pershing (crewed by its commanding officer, Rumi) with friendly fire.
When the girls from Anzio were spotted sitting high on the roller coaster tracks, Rumi sent two Chaffees onto the tracks to take it out. The Chaffees travelled through the course in opposite directions and eventually boxed in the CV.33 from both sides, but before they could take it out both tanks were themselves hit and immobilised by Rabbit Team's M3 Lee.
The last Chaffee fought a high speed duel with Rosehip's Crusader in the latter stages of the match. Neither tank was able to hit the other, until Rosehip removed the speed limiter on her Crusader and launched her tank at the Chaffee through the air. The Chaffee was knocked out by a shot moments before the Crusader itself crashed into a wall.
Gekkan Senshado Magazine
Waffle Academy is known to owns a turretless Chaffee.
Viking Fisheries High School intend to purchase one or more Chaffee.
Viking Fisheries High School fielded at least four Chaffees during the Winter Continuous Track Cup first round match against Pravda Girls High School. At the end of the match, two Chaffees were seen charging Pravda with two Panzer IIIs and two others were guarding the Neubaufahrzeug. The two first were destroyed by a fire barrage by the IS-2 and two T-34/85, another one was destroyed by Klara and the last rammed Nonna trying to protect the flag tank but in vain as Katyusha destroy it.
- Its British service name "Chaffee", comes from the US Army General Adna R. Chaffee Jr, nickname the "Father of the Armored Force" for his role in developing the U.S. Army's tank forces.
- Main article: M24 Chaffee/Gallery
|Light Tanks and Tankettes||7TP • AMR-35 • BT-42 • Crusader • CV.33 • FT-17 • Harry Hopkins • M22 Locust • M24 Chaffee • Mark VI • Panzer II • Panzer 38(t) • R35 • T-60 • T-70 • Tetrarch • TK Tankette • Type 94 Tankette • Type 95 Ha-Go • Type 97 Te-Ke|
|Medium Tanks||Centurion • M3 Lee • M4 Sherman • M13/40 • Matilda II • P26/40 • Panzer III • Panzer IV • Panzer V "Panther" • Sentinel • SOMUA S35 • T-34 • T-44 • Type 89B • Type 3 Chi-Nu • Type 97 Chi-Ha|
|Heavy Tanks||ARL 44 • B1 Bis • Black Prince • Churchill • IS-2 • KV-1 • KV-2 • M26 Pershing • Mark IV • Neubaufahrzeug • Panzer VI "Tiger" • Panzer VI Ausf. B "Tiger II" • Panzer VIII "Maus" • VK45.01 Porsche Tiger|
|Tank Destroyers||Elefant • Hetzer • ISU-152 • Jagdpanzer IV • Jagdpanther • Jagdtiger • Mareșal • Semovente da 75/18 • StuG III • T28 Super-Heavy Tank|
|Self-Propelled Artillery||Karl-Gerät 040|
|Main Battle Tank||Type 10|