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Carro Veloce CV.33
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Carro Veloce


"They are small and cute, perfect for a flower vase"
―Hana

The Carro Veloce CV.33 (designated as L3/33 in 1938) was an Italian tankette. It saw widespread use by the Italian Army during WWII.

History

Development

The Carro Veloce (literary an Italian word for fast car)was designed in the first half of the 1930, the period when the tankette concept was at its peak; and it was directly derived from the British Carden-Loyd tankette, it was thought that the idea of a small, fast and nimble armored vehicle was very suitable for a country like Italy, whose borders follow the Alps.

The first mass-produced version was introduced in 1933, with a 6.5 mm machine gun, later supplanted by the more common variants, with either twin Fiat Mod. 14/35 or twin Breda 38 machine guns. In 1935, a new model with some minor upgrades was accepted for production as the CV.35 (designated as L3/35 after 1938). In 1937, a further upgraded version (sporting enhanced torsion bar suspensions and a single 13.2 mm machine gun) was evaluated, but it wasn't authorized until 1941 as the L3/38.

Operational History

In the Italian army, it was assigned to tank and cavalry units. The CV.33 made its Baptism of Fire when sent in Ethiopia during the Second Italo–Abyssinian War, they saw fire during the Spanish Civil War from February-March 1937 to March 1939 and during the Invasion of Albania in April 1939 which was more considered as a large scale training. The tankettes began showed their limits and lived a hard time in France and in Greece where they were used to slow down Greeks troops advance, in Eastern Africa on all tankettes battalions present on July 1940 all were destroyed by the Wavell's counter-offensive on December 1940, they also took part in the Cyrenaica reconquest alongside heavier tanks and ultimately they took part to the Invasion of USSR in August 1941 but due to harsh climatic conditions and logistic problems they were either abandoned or repatriated in July 1942.

It was proved to be completely unsuitable for tank warfare when facing modern tanks like the Soviet BT tanks, British Crusaders, American M3 Lee... as it didn't have neither the firepower nor the armor to face them. As soon as more adequate designs, like the M13/40, became available, the CV.33 was relegated to secondary duties like anti-partisan, surveillance patrols and some were even planned to be used as artillery tractors by removing the top and weapons but it seems that it never entered production.

In Girls Und Panzer

Anime

Anzio Girls High School has many Carro Veloce CV.33 tankettes, of the second series (recognizable from the twin Fiat machine-gun mounting) given that they are pretty much amongst the least effective tanks used in the Tournament (with even Ooarai Girls Academy's underwhelming Type 89B outperforming them), it can be concluded that their use stems from Anzio's relative poverty, which precludes the purchase of more capable models.

During the quarter-final match against Ooarai, Anzio fielded six tankettes under the command of Pepperoni, they are tasked to execute "Operation Maccaroni" (planting decoys to lure Ooarai to move forward, allowing Anzio to flank and surround their tanks) and being one of its attack wings. They were spotted and pursued by the Duck Team's Type 89B, in which, although they proved unable to even damage their opponent, the tankettes showcased a surprising degree of agility and resilience, being able to rotate 180° its hull quickly to counterattack while driving backward, and able to survive ricochets from Type 89B's shell and resume the fight, however once Duck Team began aiming at their weak spots, the tankettes were easily disabled, proving vulnerable even to a rather underwhelming opponent. 

Manga

During the alternate-manga quarter-final match against Ooarai, Anzio fielded three tankettes. They were, alongside two M13/40, part of the vanguard and their role was to lure Ooarai into a trap. But the three tankettes were all destroyed nearly at the beginning of the match, one by the M3 Lee, the other by the Type 89B and the last by the StuG.

Der Film

As the the P26/40 was badly damaged during a training match, the Anzio contingent that joined Ooarai for the match against the All-Stars University Team fielded one CV.33 ridden by Anchovy, Pepperoni and Carpaccio, despite the tankette being just a two-seater.

During the latter stages of the battle, the CV.33 served as the team's "GPS" by using the roller-coaster rails around the amusement park as a surveillance vantage point.

Warning: The following information is from outside Girls und Panzer's main core. It has some level of canonicity within the continuity, but reader discretion is advised.

Ribbon Warrior

Anchovy is seen using them in Tankathlon first against Shizuka and her Type 97 Tankette, due to their non-existent anti-tank abilities several are taken out by Shizuka and later by Jajka who interrupts the match. Anzio tried to assist Tategoto High School in a match against Bonple High School where Pepperoni & Carpaccio attempted to bust Jajka's tank in CV.33 for revenge but they were shot down by Uszka before getting close to Jajka.  

Anzio's second match is against Tategoto High School supported by Shizuka. Some tankettes destroyed Ha-Gos and the Te-Ke while others were destroyed but Tategoto's fate was sealed once Anzio show its trump card, a CV.33 equipped with a 20mm AT Rifles that bring chaos on Tategoto. 

During the Cauldron tournament in the seventh match of the first round against Katyusha Volunteer Army, Anzio Girls High School fielded at least five tankettes. They were used the same way as against Tategoto, harassing KVA girls, with cardbox representation of Nonna and a puppet of Katyusha, to lead them into the kill zone to annihilate them with the AT Rifles equipped CV.33s.

During the Cauldron tournament second round Green Team fielded at least three CV.33 (commanded by Anchovy, Carpaccio and Pepperoni). The tankettes first stayed stationnary with Anzio prepared some meals but they return fire when they got attacked by Blue Team and have to retreat covered by Nina and Semla. After Red Team flanked Blue Team the CV.33 took the opportunity to attack their assailants and eventually destroyed one Panzer II. Anzio's CVs then took pursuit of Blue Team's weaken forces, but finally stop their offensive to eat, refuel and refill ammunitions. During the makeshift alliance between Red and Green Team one CV.33 got destroyed by the Type 89B. After the arrival Oni Team, one CV.33 commanded by Pepperoni took part on the Anti-Oni Team where it was destroyed, while on the Red/Green front Carpaccio's CV.33 was destroyed. Near the end of the match Anchovy destroyed Darjeeling's freshly repaired Harry Hopkins and then comes back to attack Red Team until the end of the match.

Non-GuP core informations ends here.

Gekkan Senshado Magazine

Yogurt Academy fielded two CV.33 tankettes during the tournament first round match against Waffle Academy. Their role during the battle is unknown.

Yogurt fielded again their two CV.33 in the quarter-finals match against St. Gloriana Girls College. Their role during the battle is unknown but they were likely destroyed during the battle at the top of the hill.

Anzio Girls High School fielded seven CV.33 tankettes during the tournament first round match against Maginot Girls' Academy. During the match they harassed Maginot's main to force them to break formation, Maginot took the bait launched all their tanks at the tankettes pursuit leaving their flag tank at the mercy of the Semoventes.

Blue Division High School owns an unknown number of CV.35 tankettes.

Das Finale

Blue Division High School fielded at least one CV.35 during the Winter Continuous Track Cup first round match against Saunders University High School. The tankette was likely destroyed during the battle.

Anzio Girls High School fielded at least four CV.33s during the Winter Continuous Track Cup first round match against Bonple High School. Their are seen immobilizing Bonple's flag tank allowing Anchovy and her P26/40 to destroy it thus winning the match.

Trivia

  • Despite being classified as tankette, the CV.33 still managed to enter Sensha-dō, while it could be more successful at Tankathlon.
    • Anzio High School used the CV.33 II serie (Mod. 1934) with two Fiat Mod. 14/35 8mm machine-guns. The original CV.33 have only one Fiat Mod 14 6,5 mm machine-gun.
    • In Ribbon Warrior debuts the better armed version of the CV.33, the one fitted with a Solothurn S-18/1000 Anti-tank rifle (IRL a field modification in Libya in 1940), namely the version with the rifle fitted on the outside (another with the Solothurn replacing the two MGs is known), while not legal per Sensha-dō rules, this significantly improves its performance in Tankathlon. Unlike that tank, the 20 mm Solothurm on a CV.33 CC (Contro Carro/Anti-tank) was mounted on the same MG mantlet.
  • The weak points exploited by Duck Team, were real life inconvenience of the CV.33 such as the outside engine start that if shot could stall the tankette or worse fry the entire crew due to its high consumption of gasoline.
  • Contrary to it's depiction in the anime as extremely fast tank the real CV.33 tank was no faster than a Tiger I or a Sherman ( having a speed of around 40 km/h ).

Gallery

Main article: Carro Veloce CV.33/Gallery
Tanks ☰ 
Light Tanks and Tankettes Poland7TPFranceAMR-35FinlandBT-42UKCrusaderItalyCV.33FranceFT-17UKHarry HopkinsUnited StatesM22 LocustUnited StatesM24 ChaffeeUKMark VIGermanyPanzer IICzechoslovakiaPanzer 38(t)FranceR35SovietT-60SovietT-70UKTetrarchPolandTK TanketteJapan2Type 94 TanketteJapan2Type 95 Ha-GoJapan2Type 97 Te-Ke
Medium Tanks UKCenturionUnited StatesM3 LeeUnited StatesM4 ShermanItalyM13/40UKMatilda IIItalyP26/40GermanyPanzer IIIGermanyPanzer IVGermanyPanzer V "Panther"FranceSOMUA S35SovietT-34SovietT-44Japan2Type 89BJapan2Type 3 Chi-NuJapan2Type 97 Chi-Ha
Heavy Tanks FranceARL 44FranceB1 BisUKBlack PrinceUKChurchillSovietIS-2SovietKV-2United StatesM26 PershingUKMark IVGermanyPanzer VI "Tiger"GermanyPanzer VI Ausf. B "Tiger II"GermanyPanzer VIII "Maus"GermanyVK45.01 Porsche Tiger
Tank Destroyers GermanyElefantGermanyHetzerSovietISU-152GermanyJagdpanzer IVGermanyJagdpantherGermanyJagdtigerRomaniaMareșalItalySemovente da 75/18GermanyStuG IIIUnited StatesT28 Super-Heavy Tank
Self-Propelled Artillery GermanyKarl-Gerät 040
Main Battle Tank Japan2Type 10
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